Percutaneous-perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect: mid-term follow-up

BMC Surg. 2020 Sep 18;20(1):208. doi: 10.1186/s12893-020-00854-0.


Background: This report presents updated data and mid-term follow-up information to a former study introducing the novel technique of percutaneous-perventricular device closure of doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defect.

Methods: Thirty-eight patients were added to the former series. There were 54 patients in total who had isolated doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects and underwent percutaneous-perventricular device closure. Closure outcomes and possible complications were measured in the hospital and during the 2.5-year follow-up.

Results: Surgery was successful in 53 patients (98.1%). There was no death, residual shunt, new valve regurgitation or arrhythmia either perioperatively or during the entire follow-up period. Only one patient developed pericardial effusion and tamponade in the former series. The mean hospital stay was 3.2 ± 0.6 days (range, 3.0 to 6.0 days), and only one unsuccessful case needed blood transfusion (1.9%).

Conclusions: The percutaneous-perventricular device closure of isolated doubly committed subarterial ventricular septal defects appeared to be safe. Close monitoring for bleeding is essential postoperatively, especially in younger patients. This technique is generally safe with acceptable mid-term follow-up.

Keywords: Minimally invasive surgery; Ventricular septal defect.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Septal Occluder Device*
  • Treatment Outcome