Dental care management during the COVID-19 outbreak

Spec Care Dentist. 2020 Nov;40(6):539-548. doi: 10.1111/scd.12523. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Abstract

Aim: The level of preparedness of the healthcare system plays an important role in management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study attempted to devise a comprehensive protocol regarding dental care during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Methods and result: Embase, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched until March 2020 for relevant papers. Sixteen English papers were enrolled to answer questions about procedures that are allowed to perform during the COVID-19 outbreak, patients who are in priority to receive dental care services, the conditions and necessities for patient admission, waiting room and operatory room, and personal protective equipment (PPE) that is necessary for dental clinicians and the office staff.

Conclusion: Dental treatment should be limited to patients with urgent or emergency situation. By screening questionnaires for COVID-19, patients are divided into three groups of (a) apparently healthy, (b) suspected for COVID-19, and (c) confirmed for COVID-19. Separate waiting and operating rooms should be assigned to each group of patients to minimize the risk of disease transmission. All groups should be treated with the same protective measures with regard to PPE for the dental clinicians and staff.

Keywords: COVID-19; dental care; dental infection control; occupational health; pandemics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus Infections* / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus*
  • Dental Care
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Humans
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional
  • Pandemics*
  • Pneumonia, Viral* / epidemiology
  • SARS-CoV-2