Development of a Model for Video-Assisted Postoperative Team Debriefing

J Surg Res. 2021 Jan;257:625-635. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2020.07.065. Epub 2020 Sep 17.


Background: Video-assisted debriefing may be a powerful tool to improve surgical team performance. Nevertheless, a true operating team debriefing culture is lacking to date. This study aimed to find evidence on how to debrief the surgical team and develop a model suitable for debriefing using a video and medical data recorder (MDR) in the operating room (OR).

Methods: A review of the PubMed and Embase databases and Cochrane Library was performed. The identified literature was studied and combined with a conceptual framework to develop a model for postoperative video-assisted team debriefing. Thirty-five surgical cases were recorded with an MDR and debriefed with the operating team using the proposed debrief model and a standardized video-assisted performance report. A questionnaire was used to assess the participants' satisfaction with this debrief model.

Results: Debrief models and methods are extensively described in the current medical literature. An overview was provided. The OR team needs a structured debrief model, minimizing resource, effort, and motivational constraints. A structured six-step team debrief model suitable for video-assisted OR team debriefing was developed. The model was tested in 35 multidisciplinary MDR-assisted debriefing sessions and the debriefing sessions were overall rated with a mean of 7.8 (standard deviation 1.4, 10-point Likert scale) by participants.

Conclusions: Debriefing surgical teams using a video and MDR in the OR requires a model on how to use such recordings optimally. To date, no such model existed. The proposed debrief model was tested using a multisource MDR and may be used to facilitate OR debriefing across various settings.

Keywords: Black Box; Debriefing; Operating room; Surgical safety; Team training; Video.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Models, Educational*
  • Patient Care Team / standards*
  • Postoperative Period*
  • Video Recording*