Background: Adherence to recommended laboratory testing practices is crucial for sexually transmitted infection prevention and control. The objective of this article is to compare Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) testing practices of US clinical laboratories in 2013 before the updated 2014 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations and in 2015 after the updated recommendations.
Methods: A total of 236 clinical laboratories participated in surveys about their 2013 and 2015 CT and NG testing practices, including questions on specimen types collected and assays used.
Results: There was an increase of 5 laboratories offering CT nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) from 2013 to 2015 and an increase of 5 laboratories offering NG NAAT. There was a net increase of 3 laboratories accepting urine for CT and NG NAAT, the preferred specimen type for male individuals. There was not a net increase in the total number of laboratories accepting vaginal swabs for CT NAAT (n = 89 in 2013 and 2015), the preferred specimen type for female individuals, but there was an increase of 3 laboratories accepting vaginal swabs for NG NAAT. The number of laboratories performing NG susceptibility testing decreased from 100 in 2013 to 89 in 2015 (χ2 = 1.07, P > 0.10).
Conclusions: There were no major changes in testing practices in the 2-year period from 2013 to 2015. However, there were some small shifts, including increases in the use of NAATs, acceptance of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-preferred specimen types for CT/NG, and changes in usage of assays by manufacturer.
Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Sexually Transmitted Diseases Association.