Early-Onset Scoliosis Treated With Magnetically Controlled Growing Rods

Orthopedics. 2020 Nov 1;43(6):e601-e608. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20200910-04. Epub 2020 Sep 22.


The recently developed magnetically controlled growing rod (MCGR) system has gained popularity because it limits additional surgical lengthening procedures and promises reduction of the complication rate previously reported for the traditional growing rods. A retrospective single-center study was performed. Demographic and complications data were recorded. A statistical analysis was conducted to quantify the effect of MCGR placement and of subsequent lengthening on the Cobb angle, T1-T12 kyphosis, and the distances from T1-T12 and T1-S1. Twenty-four patients met the inclusion criteria. Six had idiopathic scoliosis and 18 patients had nonidiopathic scoliosis (neuromuscular and syndromic scoliosis). Nine patients underwent primary MCGR placement, and 15 had the traditional growing rods removed and replaced with MCGRs. The mean age at surgery and at last follow-up was 6.3 years and 8.8 years, respectively. The mean follow-up was 29.2 months. The MCGR placement significantly reduced the Cobb angle and kyphosis by an average of 21.33° and 10.79°, respectively. The T1-T12 and the T1-S1 distances increased an average of 1.19 and 1.89 cm/year, respectively, during the follow-up period. The average percentage of achieved-to-intended distraction was 65% on the concave side and 68% on the convex side at last follow-up. There were 9 postoperative complications in 8 (33%) patients, 6 of whom had nonidiopathic scoliosis. The MCGR system is reliable and effective in the treatment of patients affected by early-onset scoliosis. [Orthopedics. 2020;43(6):e601-e608.].

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Magnetics
  • Male
  • Orthopedic Procedures / methods*
  • Prostheses and Implants
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Scoliosis / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome