Associations of attention distractibility with attention deficit and with variation in the KTN1 gene

Neurosci Lett. 2020 Nov 1;738:135397. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2020.135397. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Abstract

Attention distractibility in a low load visual search experiment with a rare irrelevant distractor could be an objective continuous measure in adulthood that correlates well with the symptoms of attention deficit throughout lifespan. This was studied using a birth cohort representative sample in a longitudinal study. The expected correlations were not found between the distractor cost measured in the experiment in adulthood and the inattention questionnaire scores from ages 15-33. However, the coefficient of variability for RT (CVRT) correlated negatively with self-reported motor restlessness (age 15) and attention deficit (age 25). We suggest that hyperactivity in childhood improved motor control at age 33. Associations with the gene KTN1 rs945270 (found to affect putamen size) were explored. CVRT, motor restlessness at age 15 and attention deficit scores at age 25 were especially low for male C-allele carriers. A possible association with the volume of putamen of individual participants is considered.

Keywords: ADHD; Attention deficit; Behavioral genetics; Motor development; Reaction time; Visual search.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attention / physiology*
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / genetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Psychomotor Agitation / genetics*
  • Self Report
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • KTN1 protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins