Polymorphisms of group VIA calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2β orPLA2G6) are positively associated with adiposity, blood lipids, and Type-2 diabetes. Theubiquitously expressed iPLA2β catalyzes the hydrolysis of phospholipids (PLs) to generate a fattyacid and a lysoPL. We studied the role of iPLA2β on PL metabolism in non-alcoholic fatty liverdisease (NAFLD). By using global deletion iPLA2β-null mice, we investigated three NAFLD mousemodels; genetic Ob/Ob and long-term high-fat-diet (HFD) feeding (representing obese NAFLD) aswell as feeding with methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet (representing non-obeseNAFLD). A decrease of hepatic PLs containing monounsaturated- and polyunsaturated fatty acidsand a decrease of the ratio between PLs and cholesterol esters were observed in all three NAFLDmodels. iPLA2β deficiency rescued these decreases in obese, but not in non-obese, NAFLD models.iPLA2β deficiency elicited protection against fatty liver and obesity in the order of Ob/Ob › HFD »MCD. Liver inflammation was not protected in HFD NAFLD, and that liver fibrosis was evenexaggerated in non-obese MCD model. Thus, the rescue of hepatic PL remodeling defect observedin iPLA2β-null mice was critical for the protection against NAFLD and obesity. However, iPLA2βdeletion in specific cell types such as macrophages may render liver inflammation and fibrosis,independent of steatosis protection.
Keywords: PLA2G6; choline and methionine deficiency; diet-induced obesity; fatty liver; morbidly obesity; phospholipid remodeling.