Thorough QT/QTc Study Evaluating the Effect of Macimorelin on Cardiac Safety Parameters in Healthy Participants

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2021 May;10(5):494-501. doi: 10.1002/cpdd.872. Epub 2020 Sep 22.


Macimorelin is an orally active growth hormone secretagogue indicated for the diagnosis of adult growth hormone deficiency. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of macimorelin on the baseline and placebo-corrected mean QT interval using Fridericia's formula (ΔΔQTcF). Secondary objectives were to determine QTcF for moxifloxacin; evaluate the effects of macimorelin on other cardiac intervals (PR, QRS, RR), heart rate, and electrocardiogram morphology parameters; characterize pharmacokinetics; and assess safety of macimorelin. The phase 1 thorough QT/QTc study, designed according to the International Council for Harmonisation E14 guideline, was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, 3-way complete crossover study comparing the effect of macimorelin 2.0 mg/kg with placebo and moxifloxacin 400 mg (positive control). Data were collected over a 3-month span from male (n=36) and female participants (n=24) aged 18 to 55 years with body mass index between 18.5 and 30.0 kg/m2 . Fifty-six participants received all 3 treatments. The ΔΔQTcF for macimorelin showed a prolongation with a maximum mean value of 9.61 milliseconds (2-sided 90% confidence interval, 7.81 milliseconds and 11.41 milliseconds) at 4 hours after dosing. The 2-sided 90% confidence interval of this value also exceeded the 10 millisecond threshold at 3 hours after dosing. Assay sensitivity was confirmed with moxifloxacin. Other electrocardiogram parameters evaluated were not influenced by macimorelin. Macimorelin did not raise other safety concerns and was well tolerated. In summary, a single supratherapeutic dose of macimorelin prolonged cardiac repolarization according to the regulatory guideline.

Keywords: QT prolongation; cardiac repolarization; growth hormone; macimorelin.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Indoles / administration & dosage*
  • Indoles / adverse effects
  • Indoles / pharmacokinetics
  • Long QT Syndrome / chemically induced*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Moxifloxacin / adverse effects
  • Tryptophan / administration & dosage
  • Tryptophan / adverse effects
  • Tryptophan / analogs & derivatives*
  • Tryptophan / pharmacokinetics
  • Young Adult


  • Indoles
  • macimorelin
  • Tryptophan
  • Moxifloxacin