Fbp2 (muscle isozyme of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase) is a glyconeogenesis-regulating enzyme and a multifunctional protein indispensable for long-term potentiation (LTP) formation in the hippocampus. Here, we present evidence that expression of Fbp2 in murine hippocampal cell cultures is regulated by crosstalk between neurons and astrocytes. Co-culturing of the two cell types results in a decrease in Fbp2 expression in astrocytes, and its simultaneous increase in neurons, as compared to monocultures. These changes are regulated by paracrine signaling using extracellular vesicle (EV)-packed factors released to the culture medium. It is well accepted that astrocyte-neuron metabolic crosstalk plays a crucial role in shaping neuronal function, and recently we have suggested that Fbp2 is a hub linking neuronal signaling with redox and/or energetic state of brain during the formation of memory traces. Thus, our present results emphasize the importance of astrocyte-neuron crosstalk in the regulation of the cells' metabolism and synaptic plasticity, and bring us one step closer to a mechanistic understanding of the role of Fbp2 in these processes.
Keywords: Fbp2; Hif1α; astrocyte–neuron crosstalk; c-Fos; extracellular vesicles.