Purpose: To report population pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis of the phase 1 study (FPA144-001, NCT02318329) and to select a clinical dose and schedule that will achieve an empirical target trough concentration (Ctrough) for an anti-fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b antibody, bemarituzumab.
Methods: Nonlinear mixed-effect modeling was used to analyse PK data. In vitro binding affinity and receptor occupancy of bemarituzumab were determined. Simulation was conducted to estimate dose and schedule to achieve an empirical target Ctrough in a phase 2 trial (FIGHT, NCT03694522) for patients receiving first-line treatment combined with modified 5-fluourouracil, oxaliplatin and leucovorin (mFOLFOX6) for gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.
Results: Bemarituzumab PK is best described by a two-compartment model with parallel linear and nonlinear (Michaelis-Menten) elimination from the central compartment. Albumin, gender, and body weight were identified as the covariates on the linear clearance and/or volume of distribution in the central compartment, and no dose adjustment was warranted. An empirical target of bemarituzumab Ctrough of ≥ 60 µg/mL was projected to achieve > 95% receptor occupancy based on in vitro data. Fifteen mg/kg every 2 weeks, with a single dose of 7.5 mg/kg on Cycle 1 Day 8, was projected to achieve the target Ctrough on Day 15 in 98% of patients with 96% maintaining the target at steady state, which was confirmed in the FIGHT trial.
Conclusion: A projected dose and schedule to achieve the target Ctrough was validated in phase 1 of the FIGHT trial which supported selection of the phase 2 dose and schedule for bemarituzumab.
Keywords: Anti-fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b; Bemarituzumab; Dose selection; Gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma; Population PK analysis; Target-mediated clearance.