Background & aims: Whether gastric emptying tests predict longitudinal outcomes in patients with symptoms of gastroparesis is unclear. We aimed to determine whether baseline gastric emptying tests and gut motility parameters could impact longitudinal symptom(s) and quality of life (QOL) in a prospective, observational cohort study of patients with symptoms of gastroparesis.
Methods: One hundred fifty patients with gastroparesis symptoms underwent simultaneous scintigraphy (GES) and wireless motility capsule (WMC) measurement of gastric emptying and other motility parameters. Patient Assessment of Upper Gastrointestinal Symptoms and Quality of Life were administered at baseline, and 3 and 6 months after testing. Multivariable generalized linear marginal models were fit to determine which baseline parameters predict longitudinal changes in symptoms and QOL.
Results: Overall upper GI symptoms and QOL scores were moderate in severity at baseline and significantly improved over 6 months. Clinical variables, including female gender, harder stools by Bristol stool form score, and presence of functional dyspepsia (FD) by Rome III criteria, were predictive of more severe upper GI symptoms. Even after controlling for these clinical factors, delayed gastric emptying by GES or WMC was associated with worse symptom severity and QOL scores. Low gastric and elevated small bowel contractile parameters by WMC were also independently associated with more severe upper GI symptoms and worse QOL scores.
Conclusions: Baseline features, including demographic and clinical variables, delayed gastric emptying and abnormal gastrointestinal contractility, were independent predictors of more severe longitudinal symptoms and worse quality of life outcomes. These factors may help to risk stratify patients and guide treatment decisions. ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT02022826.
Keywords: Gastric Emptying; Gastrointestinal Motility; Longitudinal Outcomes; Scintigraphy; Wireless Motility Capsule.
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