Orbital Bony Reconstruction With Presized and Precontoured Porous Polyethylene-Titanium Implants

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2021 May-Jun 01;37(3):284-289. doi: 10.1097/IOP.0000000000001829.

Abstract

Purpose: Complex bony orbital defects are reconstructively challenging due to loss of intraoperative anatomical landmarks and adjacent support. Presized and precontoured porous polyethylene-titanium implants (Medpor Titan 3D Orbital Floor Implant) are designed to reestablish normal orbital floor and medial wall anatomy and are modeled after anatomically averaged orbits. This is the first study to report clinical outcomes with this implant.

Methods: This retrospective case series reviewed clinical data and outcomes for patients undergoing orbital reconstruction with a presized and precontoured porous polyethylene-titanium orbital implant from January 2016 to June 2018.

Results: A total of 34 orbits of 33 patients were identified (mean age: 43 ± 16 years, 70% men). Most bony defects were a result of trauma and included large orbital floor deformities (100%), medial wall defects (74%), disrupted inferomedial struts (68%), and broken posterior ledges (82%). Symptomatic diplopia (73%) and enophthalmos (89%, mean: 3.7 ± 2.1 mm) were common preoperatively. Many cases were revisions (44%). Mean follow up was 7.8 ± 6.7 months. All patients had improved globe positioning, enophthalmos, and hypoglobus. Seven patients had persistent postoperative diplopia: 6 responded to prism therapy and 1 required strabismus surgery. One patient required retrobulbar hematoma drainage and 1 patient required implant explantation due to chronic infection.

Conclusions: Commercially available presized and precon toured porous polyethylene-titanium implants are useful for complex orbital bony defects and can achieve functional improve ments in diplopia, enophthalmos, and extraocular motility with a low incidence of postoperative complications or revisional surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Enophthalmos* / etiology
  • Enophthalmos* / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Orbit / surgery
  • Orbital Fractures* / surgery
  • Orbital Implants*
  • Polyethylene
  • Porosity
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Titanium
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Polyethylene
  • Titanium