Production of phycobiliprotein and carotenoid by efficient extraction from Thermosynechococcus sp. CL-1 cultivation in swine wastewater

Bioresour Technol. 2021 Jan;319:124125. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.124125. Epub 2020 Sep 17.


In this study, the performance of TCL-1 cultivation in swine wastewater was observed under various light intensity, treatment type of swine wastewater, and initial biomass concentration. Furthermore, pigments production (phycobiliprotein and carotenoid), was the main target in this study along with optimum extraction method. Under the cultivation in the anoxic treated swine wastewater (ATSW), highest biomass increment (1.001 ± 0.104 g/L) was achieved with 2 g/L initial biomass concentration and 1,000 µE/m2/s light intensity whereas cultivation in the anoxic and aerobic treated swine wastewater (AATSW) presented better performance on pigments production with the highest production in allophycocyanin which reached 12.07 ± 0.3% dwc. Extraction time and ultrasonication have significant influence on the phycobiliprotein extraction, yet different temperature and incubation time give similar extraction result for β-carotene. Carotenoids production with AATSW cultivation were two times higher than the cultivation in ATSW. However, ammonium-N degradation was performed better in the ATSW cultivation.

Keywords: Allophycocyanin; C-phycocyanin; Cyanobacteria; Phycoerythrin; Zeaxanthin; β-carotene.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomass
  • Carotenoids
  • Cyanobacteria*
  • Light
  • Swine
  • Waste Water*


  • Waste Water
  • Carotenoids