A monoclonal antibody raised in mouse in response to homogenates of Remark ganglia and dorsal mesentery of chicken embryos was found to exhibit a unique reactivity towards myogenic cells, heart, striated muscles, and smooth muscles in chicken and quail. Indirect immunofluorescence assays were performed at different stages of chicken and quail embryonic development and, after hatching, on tissue sections and cultured cells. They revealed that the cytoplasmic marker recognized by 13F4 is expressed in early embryonic heart, in somitic myotome (from stage 14 onward), in the skeletal muscles in limbs and trunk, in all muscles in the head and the branchial arches, in the smooth muscles of the digestive tract and blood vessels. In myofibrils of striated muscles, the antigen is localized in the Z lines. The antigenicity of the molecule recognized by 13F4 is not associated with a glycolipid or a glycoprotein. It is of peptidic nature and its molecular weight is 54 kDa. We stress the value of this cell-type-specific marker in studies on ontogenesis and differentiation of all muscular structures, namely, of myocardium and striated muscles, which express 13F4 antigenicity from an early developmental stage.