Influence of Liquid and Solid Meals on Muscle Glycogen Resynthesis, Plasma Fuel Hormone Response, and Maximal Physical Working Capacity

Int J Sports Med. 1987 Apr;8(2):99-104. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1025649.


The effect of forced liquid (L) or solid (S) carbohydrate (CHO)-rich feedings on plasma glucose, insulin, and glycogenesis after glycogen depletion was investigated. The relationship between glycogen restoration and maximal physical working capacity (MPWC) was studied as well. Eight males performed two experiments, with 2 weeks interval, on a bicycle ergometer. In each experiment, MPWC was determined in a graded test, which was immediately followed by interval work until exhaustion. After exercise cessation (EC), the subjects started to consume a standardized amount of concentrated L or CHO-rich food. Insulin and glucose concentration in blood were determined. Muscle glycogen was determined before, immediately after, 5 h after, and 22 h after EC. MPWC was determined again 22 h after EC. Four subjects performed a third experiment, in which solid food consumption was left ad libitum (AL). A rapid glycogen repletion was found 5 h after EC, i.e., from 72 +/- 40 to 198 +/- 38 mmol/kg in the S, and from 69 +/- 39 to 192 +/- 40 mmol/kg in the L experiment. The higher plasma glucose and insulin levels (P less than 0.05) during the 5 h after EC in the S experiments did not elicit a difference in glycogen repletion. Glycogen synthesis rate in the AL experiment was lower (P less than 0.05) than in the L and S experiments. Glycogen restoration in the L and S experiments was complete 22 h after depletion. However, despite repletion of glycogen, MPWC was decreased (P less than 0.05) in both experiments.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Fatigue / metabolism*
  • Glycogen / biosynthesis*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Male
  • Muscles / metabolism
  • Physical Exertion*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Insulin
  • Glycogen