Baseline Characteristics of the 2015-2019 First Year Student Cohorts of the NIH Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD) Program

Ethn Dis. 2020 Sep 24;30(4):681-692. doi: 10.18865/ed.30.4.681. eCollection Fall 2020.

Abstract

Objective: The biomedical/behavioral sciences lag in the recruitment and advancement of students from historically underrepresented backgrounds. In 2014 the NIH created the Diversity Program Consortium (DPC), a prospective, multi-site study comprising 10 Building Infrastructure Leading to Diversity (BUILD) institutional grantees, the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN) and a Coordination and Evaluation Center (CEC). This article describes baseline characteristics of four incoming, first-year student cohorts at the primary BUILD institutions who completed the Higher Education Research Institute, The Freshmen Survey between 2015-2019. These freshmen are the primary student cohorts for longitudinal analyses comparing outcomes of BUILD program participants and non-participants.

Design: Baseline description of first-year students entering college at BUILD institutions during 2015-2019.

Setting: Ten colleges/universities that each received <$7.5mil/yr in NIH Research Project Grants and have high proportions of low-income students.

Participants: First-year undergraduate students who participated in BUILD-sponsored activities and a sample of non-BUILD students at the same BUILD institutions. A total of 32,963 first-year students were enrolled in the project; 64% were female, 18% Hispanic/Latinx, 19% African American/Black, 2% American Indian/Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 17% Asian, and 29% White. Twenty-seven percent were from families with an income <$30,000/yr and 25% were their family's first generation in college.

Planned outcomes: Primary student outcomes to be evaluated over time include undergraduate biomedical degree completion, entry into/completion of a graduate biomedical degree program, and evidence of excelling in biomedical research and scholarship.

Conclusions: The DPC national evaluation has identified a large, longitudinal cohort of students with many from groups historically underrepresented in the biomedical sciences that will inform institutional/national policy level initiatives to help diversify the biomedical workforce.

Keywords: Biomedical Research; Diversity; Underrepresented Students; Workforce Training.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • American Natives / statistics & numerical data
  • Asian Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Biomedical Research / education*
  • Cultural Diversity*
  • Educational Status
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Government Programs / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Income / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • National Institutes of Health (U.S.) / economics
  • Oceanic Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data
  • Prospective Studies
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States
  • Universities*
  • Workforce
  • Young Adult