Prospective audit of blood transfusion request forms and continuing medical education to optimise compliance of clinicians in a hospital setting

Transfus Med. 2020 Sep 30. doi: 10.1111/tme.12722. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyse blood requisition forms sent by clinicians in a tertiary care hospital to the transfusion service to ascertain their completeness and correctness. A secondary objective was to study the effect of continuing medical education (CME) in a hospital setting on clinician's behaviour regarding the importance of details that ought to be mentioned on blood requisition forms.

Background: Transfusion audits are useful tools in the evaluation and education of those requesting blood components.

Methods/materials: This was a prospective, observational study conducted in the department of Transfusion Medicine at a tertiary-level healthcare centre from June 2019 to December 2019. The study was divided into two phases: pre-CME (P1) and post-CME (P2). In both phases, an audit for assessing completeness and correctness of blood requisition forms, which were divided into four sections, was performed. A scoring system was devised to compare both phases.

Results: In the P1 phase, 45.77% of the blood requisition form entries were complete and correct; 23.45% of incomplete entries were generated by emergency and trauma. In the P2 phase, 76.75% of the blood requisition form entries were complete and correct; 35.09% of the incomplete entries were generated by obstetrics and gynaecology. Complete and correct entries increased from 45.7% (P1) to 76.75% (P2). Scores of P1 were found to be lower than scores of P2 for all four sections. Cumulative mean score for P1 (20687) was found to be significantly lower than the mean score for P2 (30870).

Conclusion: Audit and CME regarding different aspects of transfusion medicine practices play a major role in the improvement of transfusion practices in hospitals.

Keywords: CME; audit; training; transfusion medicine.