Previous research demonstrates that, in clinically relevant concentrations, azithromycin can boost the ability of RNA viruses to induce type 1 interferon by amplifying the expression and virally-mediated activation of MDA5. O-GlcNAcylation of MAVS, a down-stream target of MDA5, renders it more effective for type 1 interferon induction. High-dose glucosamine administration up-regulates O-GlcNAcylation by increasing the cellular pool of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine. Hence, it is proposed that joint administration of azithromycin and high-dose glucosamine, early in the course of RNA virus infections, may interact in a complementary fashion to aid their control by enhancing type 1 interferon induction.
Keywords: Azithromycin; Glucosamine; IRF-3; MAVS; MDA5; Type 1 interferon.
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