Disparities in Sleep Health and Potential Intervention Models: A Focused Review

Chest. 2021 Mar;159(3):1232-1240. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2020.09.249. Epub 2020 Sep 30.


Disparities in sleep health are important but underrecognized contributors to health disparities. Understanding the factors contributing to sleep heath disparities and developing effective interventions are critical to improving all aspects of heath. Sleep heath disparities are impacted by socioeconomic status, racism, discrimination, neighborhood segregation, geography, social patterns, and access to health care as well as by cultural beliefs, necessitating a cultural appropriateness component in any intervention devised for reducing sleep health disparities. Pediatric sleep disparities require innovative and urgent intervention to establish a foundation of lifelong healthy sleep. Tapping the vast potential of technology in improving sleep health access may be an underutilized tool to reduce sleep heath disparities. Identifying, implementing, replicating, and disseminating successful interventions to address sleep disparities have the potential to reduce overall disparities in health and quality of life.

Keywords: bioinformatics; health disparities; sleep; vulnerable population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Healthcare Disparities / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Preventive Health Services
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sleep Hygiene / ethics*
  • Social Determinants of Health*
  • Vulnerable Populations / psychology