Energy and Nutrient Intake of Americans according to Meeting Current Dairy Recommendations

Nutrients. 2020 Sep 30;12(10):3006. doi: 10.3390/nu12103006.


Most Americans do not meet dairy food recommendations from the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). This study assesses differences in nutrient intake between Americans who meet recommendations for dairy intake and those who do not, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2013-2014 and 2015-2016 (n = 5670 children ages 2-18 years and n = 10,112 adults ages 19+). Among children and adults, those meeting dairy food recommendations were significantly more likely to have adequate intake (% above Estimated Average Requirement (EAR)) of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, riboflavin, vitamin A, vitamin B12, and zinc and consume above the Adequate Intake (AI) for potassium and choline than Americans not meeting dairy recommendations, regardless of age, sex, or race/ethnicity. Americans meeting dairy recommendations were also more likely to exceed recommendations for sodium and saturated fat but consume less added sugars. Nearly 60% of Americans 2 years and older not meeting dairy recommendations consumed calcium and magnesium below the EAR. Only about 20% of Americans who did not meet dairy recommendations consumed above the AI for potassium. Dairy foods make important and unique contributions to dietary patterns, and it can be difficult to meet nutrient needs without consuming recommended amounts of dairy foods.

Keywords: Dietary Guidelines for Americans; dairy; dairy foods; dietary guidance; nutrient adequacy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dairy Products / standards
  • Dairy Products / statistics & numerical data*
  • Diet, Healthy / standards
  • Diet, Healthy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nutrients / analysis*
  • Nutrients / standards
  • Nutrition Policy*
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • United States
  • Young Adult

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