Benign oesophageal stricture remains a common problem. Following accurate diagnosis, early treatment allows dilatation in the great majority of patients. Resection can frequently be avoided and in fit patients dilatation should be combined with an anti-reflux operation plus gastroplasty where necessary. Frail elderly patients may be managed by continued dilatation and medical means to reduce and combat the effects of reflux. Resection should now be necessary in only about 5 per cent of patients and colonic interposition offers good long-term results. It must be remembered that adenocarcinoma is a small but real risk in patients with reflux stricture.