The health-related quality of life of Syrian refugee women in their reproductive age

PeerJ. 2020 Sep 23:8:e9990. doi: 10.7717/peerj.9990. eCollection 2020.


Background: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) for refugee women in reproductive age is highly affected by physical, political, psychosocial and environmental conditions in countries of asylum. HRQoL is enormously affected by the satisfaction of this vulnerable group with the physical, psychological, emotional and social care services provided in this critical time. Therefore, this study aimed toassess the HRQoL among Syrian refugee women of reproductive age living outside camps in Jordan.

Methods: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted with a convenience sample of 523 Syrian refugee women in the host communities in Jordan.Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) was measured using the short-form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire.

Results: Significant negative correlations were found between SF-36 individual subscales score and the length of marriage, the number of children, parity and family income. The strongest correlations were between pain scale and length of marriage (r = - .21), and between Energy/Fatigue and 'number of children' (r = - .21). Conversely, antenatal care was positively correlated with physical, role emotional, pain, and general health. Physical functioning and general health were predicted significantly with less years of marriage, younger age at marriage, less violence and by higher family income.

Conclusion: This study suggests low HRQoL scores for women of reproductive age across all domains. Several factors such as years of marriage, age at marriage, the number of children, violence, antenatal care and family income affected the women's general health. The provision of appropriate and accessible reproductive and maternal healthcare services in antenatal visits is critical for ensuring the immediate and long-term health and wellbeing of refugee women and their families.

Keywords: HRQoL; Jordan; Refugee; Reproductive health; Syrian; Women.

Grants and funding

This project was funded by Columbia University’s President’s Global Innovation Fund. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.