Enhanced enzymatic activity and stability by in situ entrapment of α-Glucosidase within super porous p(HEMA) cryogels during synthesis

Biotechnol Rep (Amst). 2020 Sep 28:28:e00534. doi: 10.1016/j.btre.2020.e00534. eCollection 2020 Dec.


Here, poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (p(HEMA)) cryogel were prepared in the presence 0.48, 0.96, and 1.92 mL of α-Glucosidase enzyme (0.06 Units/mL) solutions to obtain enzyme entrapped superporous p(HEMA) cryogels, donated as α-Glucosidase@p(HEMA)-1, α-Glucosidase@p(HEMA)-2, and α-Glucosidase@p(HEMA)-3, respectively. The enzyme entrapped p(HEMA) cryogels revealed no interruption for hemolysis and coagulation of blood rendering viable biomedical application in blood contacting applications. The α-Glucosidase@p(HEMA)-1 was found to preserve its' activity% 92.3 ± 1.4 % and higher activity% against free α-Glucosidase enzymes in 15-60℃ temperature, and 4-9 pH range. The Km and Vmax values of α-Glucosidase@p(HEMA)-1 cryogel was calculated as 3.22 mM, and 0.0048 mM/min, respectively versus 1.97 mM, and 0.0032 mM/min, for free enzymes. The α-Glucosidase@p(HEMA)-1 cryogel was found to maintained enzymatic activity more than 50 % after 10 consecutive uses, and also preserved their activity more than 50 % after 10 days of storage at 25 ℃, whereas free α-Glucosidase enzyme maintained only 1.9 ± 0.9 % activity under the same conditions.

Keywords: Enzymatic reaction; Enzyme; Enzyme immobilization/entrapment; Super porous cryogel; α-Glucosidase.