Objectives: The effect of coffee on serum uric acid (SUA) has shown conflicting results. This study was to determine the effects of caffeinated coffee (CC) and decaffeinated coffee (DC) on SUA, serum xanthine oxidase activity (sXOA) and urine uric acid clearance (UAC).
Methods: This was a prospective randomised within-subject experimental study design of 51 healthy male participants. Each study period consisted of 3 periods, including a control, an intervention, and washout period for 1, 3 and 1 week, respectively. During the intervention period, the participants received 2, 4 or 6 gram/day of coffee, either CC or DC.
Results: For DC groups, SUA significantly decreased by 6.5 (±1.1) mg/dL to 6.2 (±1.1) mg/dL during the intervention period (p=0.014). sXOA significantly increased by 0.05 (±0.07) nmol/min/mL to 0.20 (±0.38) nmol/min/mL during the intervention period (p=0.010) of CC. For UAC, there was no significant change with CC or DC. In hyperuricaemic participants, SUA significantly decreased by 7.7 (±0.7) mg/dL to 7.2 (±0.7) mg/dL during the intervention period (p=0.028) of DC. For non-hyperuricaemic, CC significantly increased SUA by 5.9 (±0.7) mg/dL to 6.2 (±0.9) mg/dL during the intervention period (p=0.008) and significantly decreased SUA to 6.0 (±0.8) mg/dL (p=0.049) during the withdrawal period. A significant increase of sXOA according with SUA in CC groups from 0.05 (±0.07) nmol/min/mL to 0.25 (±0.44) nmol/min/mL during the intervention period (p=0.040) was presented in non-hyperuricaemic participants.
Conclusions: DC had a significant decrease of SUA during the intervention period. However, in non-HUS participants, SUA significantly increased in CC.