Quantitative multimodal imaging in traumatic brain injuries producing impaired cognition

Curr Opin Neurol. 2020 Dec;33(6):691-698. doi: 10.1097/WCO.0000000000000872.


Purpose of review: Cognitive impairments are a devastating long-term consequence following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This review provides an update on the quantitative mutimodal neuroimaging studies that attempt to elucidate the mechanism(s) underlying cognitive impairments and their recovery following TBI.

Recent findings: Recent studies have linked individual specific behavioural impairments and their changes over time to physiological activity and structural changes using EEG, PET and MRI. Multimodal studies that combine measures of physiological activity with knowledge of neuroanatomical and connectivity damage have also illuminated the multifactorial function-structure relationships that underlie impairment and recovery following TBI.

Summary: The combined use of multiple neuroimaging modalities, with focus on individual longitudinal studies, has the potential to accurately classify impairments, enhance sensitivity of prognoses, inform targets for interventions and precisely track spontaneous and intervention-driven recovery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Injuries, Traumatic / complications
  • Brain Injuries, Traumatic / diagnostic imaging*
  • Brain Injuries, Traumatic / psychology
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / etiology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / psychology
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Multimodal Imaging
  • Neuroimaging