Pediatric nasal dermoid- a decade's experience from a South Indian tertiary care centre

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2020 Dec:139:110418. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110418. Epub 2020 Oct 1.


Introduction: Nasal dermoid sinus cyst (NDSC) are uncommon congenital lesions in children.

Objective: To review the clinical and radiological presentation and study the surgical outcomes of this uncommon lesion.

Method: Retrospective chart review of all children diagnosed with nasal dermoid from 2010 to 2020 at a tertiary referral hospital in South India was executed. The medical records were reviewed for demographics, lesion characteristics, imaging, operative details, and outcomes and literature review was performed.

Result: A total of 25 children [Mean age 3.7 yrs (Range 2-9 yrs)] with nasal dermoid sinus cysts were treated in the last decade. While 13 presented with a sinus, 11 presented with cyst and 1 had both. The lesions mainly involved the upper third of the nose in 10 children, middle one third in 6 and upper one third in 9 children. All underwent Magnetic Resonance Imaging, in 11 Computed Tomography also was done. A flow chart of the lesion characteristics and its management has been presented. Intraoperatively intracranial extension was present in four children. The approach to intracranial extension and corresponding literature review has been presented. Follow up ranged from one to six years. (Median 3.5 yrs) and no recurrence or complication was noted.

Conclusion: Nasal dermoid is an uncommon congenital anomaly. Preoperative evaluation must include imaging to assess extent and rule out intracranial extension. Surgical strategy depends on whether presentation is as sinus or cyst and location and extent of lesion. All surgical approaches have a good surgical and cosmetic outcome.

Keywords: Intracranial extension; Nasal dermoid sinus cyst; Pediatric; Radiological imaging; Surgical outcomes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dermoid Cyst* / diagnostic imaging
  • Dermoid Cyst* / surgery
  • Humans
  • India
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Nose Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Nose Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tertiary Care Centers