Prevalent Seasoning and Cooking Fats, Arterial Stiffness and Blood Lipid Pattern in a Rural Population Sample: Data from the Brisighella Heart Study

Nutrients. 2020 Oct 7;12(10):3063. doi: 10.3390/nu12103063.

Abstract

Background: Dietary fats have been variably associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between everyday mainly used dietary fats in cooking and as seasoning and hemodynamic and lipid parameters. Methods: For this study, we selected from the Brisighella Heart Study cohort subjects who were not treated with antihypertensive drugs and report with certainty their daily mean intake of dietary fats in cooking and as seasoning. Depending on the main source of dietary fat, the involved subjects were classified as prevalent extra-virgin olive oil (EVO) users, prevalent corn oil users, prevalent users of different vegetable oils and prevalent animal fat users, and we compared their characteristics. Results: Everyday consumption of EVO as a main seasoning and cooking fat source was significantly associated to lower body mass index, visceral adiposity index, blood pressure, arterial stiffness, and cholesterolemia, when compared with predominantly animal fat users. Corn oil users also had lower blood pressure, arterial stiffness, and cholesterolemia, when compared with predominantly animal fat users, as well. In particular, in an age and systolic blood pressure adjusted model, the predictors of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity were the prevalent use of EVO (RR = 0.84, 95%CI 0.67-0.94 vs. other prevalent fat sources), LDL-Cholesterol (RR= 1.12, 95% CI 1.02-1.42), serum uric acid (RR = 1.21, 95%CI 1.09-1.54) and estimated GFR (RR= 0.77, 95%CI 0.59-0.99). Conclusions: According to our findings, the choice of everyday seasoning and cooking fat is associated with a different metabolic and haemodynamic pattern.

Keywords: arterial stiffness; blood pressure; cooking fats; epidemiology; metabolic parameters.

MeSH terms

  • Adiposity
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cooking*
  • Dietary Fats / adverse effects*
  • Dietary Fats / classification
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics*
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / etiology
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
  • Olive Oil
  • Risk
  • Rural Population*
  • Vascular Stiffness*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Dietary Fats
  • Olive Oil