Trends in urologic oncology clinical practice and medical education under COVID-19 pandemic: An international survey of senior clinical and academic urologists

Urol Oncol. 2020 Dec;38(12):929.e1-929.e10. doi: 10.1016/j.urolonc.2020.09.015. Epub 2020 Oct 7.


Objective: Ad-hoc guidelines for managing the COVID-19 pandemic are published worldwide. We investigated international applications of such policies in the urologic-oncology community.

Methods: A 20-item survey was e-mailed via SurveyMonkey to 100 international senior urologic-oncology surgeons. Leaders' policies regarding clinical/surgical management and medical education were surveyed probing demographics, affiliations, urologic-oncologic areas of interest, and current transportation restrictions. Data on COVID-19 burden were retrieved from the ECDC. Statistical analyses employed non-parametric tests (SPSS v.25.0, IBM).

Results: Of 100 leaders from 17 countries, 63 responded to our survey, with 58 (92%) reporting university and/or cancer-center affiliations. Policies on new-patient visits remained mostly unchanged, while follow-up visits for low-risk diseases were mostly postponed, for example, 83.3% for small renal mass (SRM). Radical prostatectomy was delayed in 76.2% of cases, while maintaining scheduled timing for radical cystectomy (71.7%). Delays were longer in Europe than in the Americas for kidney cancer (SRM follow-up, P = 0.014), prostate cancer (new visits, P = 0.003), and intravesical therapy for intermediate-risk bladder cancer (P = 0.043). In Europe, COVID-19 burden correlated with policy adaptation, for example, nephrectomy delays for T2 disease (r = 0.5, P =0.005). Regarding education policies, trainees' medical education was mainly unchanged, whereas senior urologists' planned attendance at professional meetings dropped from 6 (IQR 1-11) to 2 (IQR 0-5) (P < 0.0001).

Conclusion: Under COVID-19, senior urologic-oncology surgeons worldwide apply risk-stratified approaches to timing of clinical and surgical schedules. Policies regarding trainee education were not significantly affected. We suggest establishment of an international consortium to create a directive for coping with such future challenges to global healthcare.

Keywords: Bladder cancer; COVID-19 pandemic; Kidney cancer; Medical education; Policy; Prostate cancer; Testicular cancer; Urologic oncology.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19 / epidemiology*
  • COVID-19 / prevention & control
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Medical Oncology / education
  • Medical Oncology / standards
  • Medical Oncology / trends*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urologic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Urologic Neoplasms / therapy
  • Urologists / statistics & numerical data*
  • Urologists / trends
  • Urology / education
  • Urology / standards
  • Urology / trends*