RNA G-quadruplex (rG4) structure and its association with rG4-binding proteins/peptides are important for its function. However, there is very limited study that investigates what factors are involved in rG4 that drive the rG4-protein/peptide interaction. Here we study and uncover the effect of RNA sequence context and stereochemistry on G-quadruplex-peptide interaction. Using rG4-binding RHAU53 peptide as an example, we report that the number of G-quartet, thermostability, overhanging nucleotides, and RNA base chirality have an impact on rG4-RHAU53 binding. Notably, our data also demonstrate that RHAU53 preferentially binds to 5' G-quartet over 3' G-quartet, and showcase that RHAU53 interacts with unnatural L-rG4 for the first time. Our findings reported here offer unique insights to the potential development of targeting tools that recognize rG4 structure and rG4-binding peptide/protein.
Keywords: G-quadruplex structure; RHAU53; RNA sequence context; RNA stereochemistry; RNA-Peptide interaction.
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