Transmission routes for SARS-CoV-2 infection: review of evidence

New Microbes New Infect. 2020 Nov:38:100778. doi: 10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100778. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Abstract

There is no specific treatment for SARS-CoV-2, and all infection control strategies are based on breaking the transmission chain of virus. The high transmission rate of SARS-CoV-2 has raised many questions about the possible routes of infection transmission. Due to uncertainty of the main transmission routes, the infection control policies faced with more challenges. The possible main route of transmission is thought to be the close contact and respiratory droplets. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain physical distance and using the face mask. Another routes of transmission are through contaminated surfaces as well as airborne, fecal-oral transmission.

Keywords: COVID-19; Close contact; SARS-CoV-2; Transmission routes; droplet.