Development and use of a toolkit to facilitate implementation of an evidence-based intervention: a descriptive case study

Implement Sci Commun. 2020 Oct 6:1:86. doi: 10.1186/s43058-020-00081-x. eCollection 2020.


Background: Implementation of evidence-based clinical interventions in real-world settings becomes a futile effort when effective strategies to foster adoption are not used. A toolkit, or a collection of adaptable documents to inform and facilitate implementation, can increase the use of evidence-based interventions. Most available toolkits provide resources about the intervention but lack guidance for adaptation to different contexts or strategies to support implementation. This paper describes the development and use of a toolkit to guide the implementation of an evidence-based intervention to identify and intervene for people with risky substance use.

Methods: A descriptive case study describes the development and use of a toolkit throughout a two-year study. Investigators and site coordinators from 14 acute care hospitals developed tools and engaged external stakeholders as they prepared for implementation, integrated the clinical intervention into practice, and reflected on implementation.

Results: The final toolkit included 54 different tools selected or created to define the intervention, engage and communicate with stakeholders, assess for readiness and plan for implementation, train clinical nurses and other stakeholders, evaluate training and implementation effectiveness, create policies and procedures for different contexts, and identify opportunities for reimbursement. Each tool corresponds to one or more implementation strategies.

Conclusion: The approach used to develop this implementation toolkit may be used to create resources for the implementation of other evidence-based interventions.

Keywords: Acute care; Case report; Evidence-based practice; Implementation strategies; Implementation toolkit; Nurse; SBIRT.