Impact of a Digital Diabetes Prevention Program on Risk Factors for Chronic Disease in a Workforce Cohort

J Occup Environ Med. 2020 Dec;62(12):1040-1045. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000002044.

Abstract

Objective: Evaluate the effect of a digital Diabetes Prevention Program (dDPP) on chronic disease risk factors in a workplace population.

Methods: dDPP participants were employees and spouses with BMI ≥ 24 kg/m and prediabetes or diabetes (n = 84). Annual change in risk factors before and after dDPP were assessed in the dDPP group and in a retrospectively identified matched control group drawn from those who participated in a dDPP after the conclusion of this study (n = 252).

Results: In the dDPP group, body weight, BMI, fasting glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol decreased in the post-dDPP period compared with the pre-dDPP period (P < 0.05). In the control group, no difference between the annual change before and after dDPP was observed (P > 0.37).

Conclusion: The dDPP was effective in reducing risk factors for chronic disease in a workplace setting.