Objectives: Previous studies have found that atropine can slow axial elongation and control the progression of myopia. Some ongoing trials have applied atropine combined with orthokeratology for myopia control, but few studies explored the effect of the strategy on axial elongation. This meta-analysis made a preliminary evaluation of the effect of atropine combined with orthokeratology on axial elongation to provide a reference for further researches.
Methods: We performed a specific search on PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of Science, Ovid and Chinese electronic databases of VIP and Wanfang for randomized controlled trials, cohort studies and case-control studies conducted up to December 2019. The weighted mean difference (WMD) of mean change in axial elongation between the combination group of atropine and orthokeratology and the orthokeratology group was used for evaluation. Publication bias was detected using the Funnel plots test.
Results: A total of five studies involving 341 participants younger than 18 years old met our inclusion criteria. The axial elongation was lower in the combination group of atropine and orthokeratology than that of the orthokeratology group (0.25 vs. 0.35; WMD=-0.09 mm, [95% confidence intervals, -0.15 to -0.04], Z=3.39, P=0.0007).
Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrates atropine combined with orthokeratology is effective in slowing axial elongation in myopia children. This effect may be superior to that of the orthokeratology alone.
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