Towards defining reference materials for measuring extracellular vesicle refractive index, epitope abundance, size and concentration

J Extracell Vesicles. 2020 Sep 24;9(1):1816641. doi: 10.1080/20013078.2020.1816641.


Accurate characterization of extracellular vesicles (EVs) is critical to explore their diagnostic and therapeutic applications. As the EV research field has developed, so too have the techniques used to characterize them. The development of reference materials are required for the standardization of these techniques. This work, initiated from the ISEV 2017 Biomarker Workshop in Birmingham, UK, and with further discussion during the ISEV 2019 Standardization Workshop in Ghent, Belgium, sets out to elucidate which reference materials are required and which are currently available to standardize commonly used analysis platforms for characterizing EV refractive index, epitope abundance, size and concentration. Due to their predominant use among EV researchers, a particular focus is placed on the optical methods nanoparticle tracking analysis and flow cytometry.

Keywords: Calibration; exosomes; extracellular vesicles; microvesicles; optical analysis; quality control; reference materials; standardization; validation.

Publication types

  • Review