[Crohn's disease and autologous hemapoietic cell transplantation: Guidelines from the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC)]

Bull Cancer. 2020 Dec;107(12S):S140-S150. doi: 10.1016/j.bulcan.2020.08.009. Epub 2020 Oct 14.
[Article in French]


Crohn's Disease (CD) is an auto-inflammatory disease, which may involve the entire gastro-intestinal tract. CD is diagnosed on several clinical, biological, endoscopic and histological criteria. First line therapy is based on oral or iv steroids. In case of steroids dependence or resistance, several types of immunosuppressive or immunomodulating therapies are available: classical antimetabolites (thiopurines or methotrexate) or monoclonal antibodies against TNFα, against interleukin 12/23 or against integrin. Nonetheless, Crohn's disease may remain active despite the use of several lines of therapy. In such cases, autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) is an effective therapeutic option in highly selected CD patients with specific criteria. The MATHEC-SFGM-TC Good Clinical Practice Guidelines (GCPG) were developed by a multidisciplinary group of experts including gastroenterologists, hematologists and members of the reference center for stem cell therapy in auto-immune diseases (MATHEC), including members of the French groupe d'étude thérapeutique des affections inflammatoires du tube digestif(GETAID) under the auspices of the French speaking Society of bone marrow transplantation and cellular therapy (SFGM-TC). The aim of the present guidelines is to define the eligibility criteria for CD patients when candidates to AHCT, the procedures for mobilization of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), conditioning regimen and standardized follow-up after AHCT including monitoring of gastroenterological treatments during AHCT and thereafter throughout all follow-up.

Keywords: Autogreffe de cellules hématopoïétiques; Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation; Conditionnement; Conditionning regimen; Crohn's disease; Immunosuppression intensive; Intensive Immunosuppression; Maladie de Crohn; Mobilisation des de cellules hématopoïétiques; Mobilization of hematopoietic cell; Post autologous stem cell transplantation follow-up; Soins de support; Suivi post autogreffe; Supportive Care.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Contraindications, Procedure
  • Crohn Disease / immunology
  • Crohn Disease / therapy*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods*
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Patient Selection
  • Societies, Medical
  • Transplantation Conditioning
  • Transplantation, Homologous


  • Immunosuppressive Agents