Cerebral edema following chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy can be fatal. ZUMA-2 is a pivotal phase 2, multicenter study evaluating KTE-X19, an autologous anti-CD19 CAR T-cell therapy, in relapsed/refractory mantle cell lymphoma. We describe a 65-year-old patient in ZUMA-2 who developed cerebral edema following CAR T-cell therapy and had complete recovery after multimodality clinical intervention including rabbit antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Biomarker results show early and robust CAR T-cell expansion and related induction of inflammatory cytokines, followed by rapid declines in CAR T-cell and proinflammatory cytokine levels after ATG administration. This clinical profile highlights a potential relevance of ATG in treating severe CAR T-cell-related neurotoxicity.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02601313.
Keywords: case reports; chimeric antigen.
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