In France, 1 adult out of 3 is affected by hypertension and only 1 hypertensive out of 4 achieves blood pressure targets (<140/90mmHg). This proportion is significantly better in similar countries (e.g. England, Germany, the USA). Nephrologists are particularly concerned since although more than 90 % of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stages 3 and 4 patients are hypertensive, the CKD-REIN cohort shows that in France more than 1 out of 2 patients with CKD remains with a blood pressure above 140/90mmHg. This report, based on the latest French studies and surveys, raises an important warning about the situation in France, discusses the main reasons for these results and offers some suggestions for improvement. Otherwise we risk a dramatic increase in the incidence of myocardial infarction, stroke, dependency and dementia in the coming years.
Keywords: Cardiovascular risk; Chronic kidney disease; Epidemiology; Hypertension; Hypertension artérielle; Insuffisance rénale chronique; Prevention; Prévention; Risque cardiovasculaire; Épidémiologie.
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