Endothelialization of PDMS-based microfluidic devices under high shear stress conditions

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2021 Jan;197:111394. doi: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2020.111394. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Abstract

Microfluidic systems made out of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) offer a platform to mimic vascular flow conditions in model systems at well-defined shear stresses. However, extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins that are physisorbed on the PDMS are not reliably attached under high shear stress conditions, which makes long-term experiments difficult. To overcome this limitation, we functionalized PDMS surfaces with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) by using different surface activation methods to develop a stable linkage between the PDMS surface and collagen, which served as a model ECM protein. The stability of the protein coating inside the microfluidic devices was evaluated in perfusion experiments with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at 10-40 dynes/cm2 wall shear stress. To assess the stability of cell adhesion, endothelial cells were grown in a multi-shear device over a shear stress range of 20-150 dynes/cm2. Cells on the APTES-mediated collagen coating were stable over the entire shear stress range in PBS (pH 9) for 48 h. The results suggest that at high pH values, the electrostatic interaction between APTES-coated surfaces and collagen molecules offer a very promising tool to modify PDMS-based microfluidic devices for long-term endothelialization under high shear stress conditions.

Keywords: APTES; Endothelialization; Microfluidics; PDMS; Shear stress; Surface modifications.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Adhesion
  • Dimethylpolysiloxanes
  • Endothelial Cells*
  • Lab-On-A-Chip Devices*
  • Stress, Mechanical

Substances

  • Dimethylpolysiloxanes