Metabolic Age Based on the BBMRI-NL 1H-NMR Metabolomics Repository as Biomarker of Age-related Disease

Circ Genom Precis Med. 2020 Oct;13(5):541-547. doi: 10.1161/CIRCGEN.119.002610. Epub 2020 Aug 14.


Background: The blood metabolome incorporates cues from the environment and the host's genetic background, potentially offering a holistic view of an individual's health status.

Methods: We have compiled a vast resource of proton nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomics and phenotypic data encompassing over 25 000 samples derived from 26 community and hospital-based cohorts.

Results: Using this resource, we constructed a metabolomics-based age predictor (metaboAge) to calculate an individual's biological age. Exploration in independent cohorts demonstrates that being judged older by one's metabolome, as compared with one's chronological age, confers an increased risk on future cardiovascular disease, mortality, and functionality in older individuals. A web-based tool for calculating metaboAge ( allows easy incorporation in other epidemiological studies. Access to data can be requested at

Conclusions: In summary, we present a vast resource of metabolomics data and illustrate its merit by constructing a metabolomics-based score for biological age that captures aspects of current and future cardiometabolic health.

Keywords: aging; cardiovascular disease; data science; metabolomics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging / genetics*
  • Biomarkers / metabolism*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / genetics
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / metabolism
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / pathology
  • Humans
  • Metabolomics / methods*
  • Netherlands
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Risk Factors
  • User-Computer Interface*


  • Biomarkers