Hyperinsulinemia--a link between glucose intolerance, obesity, hypertension, dyslipoproteinemia, elevated serum uric acid and internal cation imbalance

Diabete Metab. 1987 Jul;13(3 Pt 2):375-80.


A representative sample (n = 1211) of the Jewish population in Israel age 40-70 (excluding known diabetics), underwent a glucose tolerance test. Insulin response was found to be independently and positively associated with the GOH conditions--glucose intolerance (p less than 0.001), obesity (p less than 0.001), and hypertension (p less than 0.01) and with elevated serum uric acid (p less than 0.001) after accounting for the effects of sex, age, serum creatinine and use of antihypertensive medications. In a representative subgroup of 542 individuals, total VLDL and LDL fractions were estimated by standardized values (based on the reference group--individuals free of the GOH conditions), of their cholesterol and triglyceride components. Hyperinsulinemia was characterized by jointly elevated VLDL and LDL with reduced HDL. The risk ratio for this pattern (adjusted for the effects of age, sex, smoking and presence of any of the GOH conditions) was 3.4 (p less than 0.001). There was no further association of this disturbed lipoprotein profile with the GOH conditions. Cation concentrations were determined in a stratified subsample (n = 89) of the study group. The subsample comprised 30 individuals in the reference group, and 59 representing each of the seven possible combinations of abnormal glucose tolerance, obesity and hypertension (GOH group). Rate of cation imbalance defined as presence of at least one of three cation concentration--red blood cell sodium greater than or equal to 7.0 mEq/l, red blood cell potassium less than 92.5 mEd/l or plasma potassium greater than or equal to 4.5 mEq/l was 88.1% in the GOH, compared to 40.0% in the reference group (p greater than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arteriosclerosis / etiology
  • Blood Glucose / analysis*
  • Female
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / blood
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Insulin / blood*
  • Lipoproteins / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / blood
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Potassium / blood
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Sodium / blood
  • Uric Acid / blood*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Lipoproteins
  • Uric Acid
  • Sodium
  • Potassium