Candida (Torulopsis) glabrata is usually a nonpathogenic fungus living saprophytically with normal flora. However, under special circumstances, the organism can become locally invasive and potentially disseminate. Laboratory identification is based on colonial appearance, absence of hyphae, and characteristic biochemical reactions. Treatment usually consists of amphotericin B with occasional reports of 5-fluorocytosine usefulness. It is apparent that Torulopsis represents yet another "evolving" disease with which the clinician must be familiar because successful treatment rests on successful diagnosis.