Endoscopic ultrasound-fine needle biopsies of pancreatic lesions: Prospective study of histology quality using Franseen needle

World J Gastroenterol. 2020 Oct 7;26(37):5693-5704. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v26.i37.5693.


Background: The introduction of fine needle biopsies (FNB) to clinical practice presents a changing trend towards histology in the endoscopic ultrasound-guided tissue acquisition (EUS-TA).

Aim: To evaluate the clinical performance of a new FNB needle, the 22-gauge (22G) Franseen needle, when sampling pancreatic solid lesions.

Methods: Consecutive patients with an indication for EUS-TA for the assessment of pancreatic solid lesions were included in this prospective, single-center, single-arm trial. Each patient underwent a puncture of the lesion two times using the 22G Franseen needle and the obtained samples were directly placed into formalin for histological analysis. The primary study endpoint was the rate of high-quality obtained specimen. Secondary endpoints included the length and diameter of the core specimen, the diagnostic accuracy and the complication rate.

Results: From June 2017 to December 2018, forty patients with pancreatic solid lesions (22 females; mean age 67.2 years) were enrolled. Tissue acquisition was achieved in all cases. High-quality histology, rated with Payne score 3, was obtained in 37/40 cases (92.5%) after two needle passes. The mean size of the acquired histological core tissue was 1.54 mm × 0.39 mm. The diagnostic accuracy for the correct diagnosis was 85% (34/40). Only one adverse event was occurred, consisting of a self-limiting bleeding in the puncture site.

Conclusion: The 22G Franseen needle achieved according to our standardized protocol a high rate of histological core procurement, and a high diagnostic accuracy, with one minor adverse event reported.

Keywords: Endosonography; Fine needle biopsy; Franseen needle; Histology; Pancreatic lesions.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration* / adverse effects
  • Endosonography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Needles
  • Pancreas / diagnostic imaging
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Prospective Studies