Effects of Ginkgo biloba intake on cardiometabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials

Phytother Res. 2020 Oct 8. doi: 10.1002/ptr.6822. Online ahead of print.


Ginkgo biloba (GKB) may have a beneficial effect on cardiometabolic parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the data is inconsistent. Therefore, the current systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials was conducted to assess the influence of GKB on cardiometabolic parameters in T2DM. Several online databases such as PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Sciences, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library were systematically searched from inception up to September 2, 2019. Heterogeneity across included studies was assessed using the Cochran's Q statistic and I2 index. To pool weighted mean differences (WMDs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) as summary effect size, we selected fixed or random-effects model according to the result of heterogeneity. Seven studies comprising 768 subjects were included in the present meta-analysis which resulted in a significant effect of GKB on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (WMD = 0.26, 95% CI = [0.02, 0.50], p = .034) and serum HDL-cholesterol levels (WMD = 1.99, 95% CI = [0.19, 3.79], p = .030) with no significant publication bias. GKB can significantly modulate HbA1c and HDL-cholesterol levels. However, due to uncertainties related to the limited number of studies, it is too early to conclude whether GKB has any potential effects on the cardiometabolic factors in patients with T2DM or not.

Keywords: Ginkgo biloba; cardiometabolic; diabetes mellitus; meta‐analysis.

Publication types

  • Review