Objectives: Current therapies for juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), improve pain coping but are less effective for pain reduction or engagement in physical activity. The Fibromyalgia Integrative Training for Teens (FIT Teens) program combines CBT with specialized neuromuscular exercise training for adolescents with JFM. The current investigation examined the effects of FIT Teens versus CBT on secondary outcomes of strength and functional biomechanics, utilizing 3D Motion capture technology. This study aimed to explore improvements in strength and biomechanics in both a CBT-only group and the FIT Teens intervention.
Materials and methods: Forty adolescents with JFM (12 to 18 y) were randomized to an 8-week, group-based protocol of either FIT Teens or CBT only. Assessments occurred pretreatment and posttreatment. Hip and knee strength were assessed with dynamometry, dynamic postural stability was measured using the Star Excursion Balance Test, and movement biomechanics were assessed with 3D motion analyses during a drop vertical jump (DVJ) task.
Results: The FIT Teens group exhibited improvements in hip abduction strength and greater external hip rotation during the DVJ task. Some differences between the FIT Teens and CBT groups were observed in peak hip internal moment in the transverse plane. Decreased hip adduction during the DVJ was also observed in the FIT Teens group.
Discussion: Results suggest that the FIT Teens program shows promise in improving hip abduction strength and body biomechanics, indicating improvements in stability during functional movements. These improvements may facilitate ability to initiate and maintain regular physical activity in youth with widespread musculoskeletal pain.