Transient Right Bundle Branch Block Resulting From a Blunt Cardiac Injury During a Motor Vehicle Accident

Cureus. 2020 Sep 18;12(9):e10534. doi: 10.7759/cureus.10534.

Abstract

Blunt chest trauma (BCT) has become increasingly more prevalent in recent years. As a result, the incidence of blunt cardiac injury (BCI), or cardiac or myocardial contusion, has also increased. The sequelae of BCI often are undiagnosed due to variability in the clinical presentation. This case highlights a transient right bundle branch block (RBBB) following a motor vehicle accident (MVA), resulting in BCI. Right-sided cardiac injuries predominate BCI owing to the anterior location of the right ventricle within the thoracic cage; however, the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the electrocardiographic manifestations are vaguely understood. In this case, a 66-year-old female sustained a BCI resulting in a transient RBBB. The patient fully recovered following a three-day hospitalization with complete recovery of normal cardiac conduction.

Keywords: adult cardiology; arrhythmia; blunt cardiac injury; blunt chest trauma; cardiac contusion; cardiac trauma; general internal medicine; medical education; right bundle branch block.

Publication types

  • Case Reports