Objectives: Peroralcholangio-pancreatoscopy (POCP) is used for diagnosis and treatment of biliopancreatic disease when standard endoscopy (ERCP) or pre-operative imaging workup failed. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic performance of POCP in complex biliary and pancreatic diseases.
Materials and methods: Patients with indeterminate biliary or pancreatic duct (PD) strictures, and patients with failure of complex biliary or pancreatic stones removal, were enrolled (six centers). The primary endpoint evaluated malignancy diagnostic performances (accuracy, sensitivity, specificity) and therapeutic performances (biliary or pancreatic stones extraction). Secondary endpoints evaluated: technical success in lesion visualization, ease of maneuvering, image quality and 30-days complications.
Results: From November 2016 to March 2018, 66 patients were included: 29/37 women/men, median age (IQR): 73 (64-82). Fifty-three patients had diagnostic POCP and 13 patients therapeutic POCP. One endoscopist with one or two endoscopy nurses performed 94% of the POCP. The 'POCP visual impression' of malignancy showed 92.0% sensitivity, 92.9 % specificity and 92.5 % overall accuracy compared with the final diagnosis. 'POCP-guided samples histological analysis' showed 75.0 % sensitivity and 91.6% specificity. The technical success for lesion visualization was 98.5%. The median VAS scores for insertions in bile and PD were respectively 9.0 (8.1-9.6) and 9.0 (8.8-10.0). Median VAS score for access to the lesion and image quality were respectively 9.0 (7.7-9.6) and 9.0 (7.9-9.7). Only three 30-day minor complications occurred without any major complications.
Conclusions: POCP was an effective, safe and easy-to-use tool in routine clinical practice for the management of complex diagnostic and therapeutic biliary and pancreatic diseases (NCT03190343).
Keywords: Peroralcholangiopancreatoscopy; SpyBite™ biopsy forceps; SpyGlass™ DS; cholangiocarcinoma; indeterminate biliary stricture; single operator.