Chest CT in COVID-19: What the Radiologist Needs to Know

Radiographics. Nov-Dec 2020;40(7):1848-1865. doi: 10.1148/rg.2020200159. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Abstract

Chest CT has a potential role in the diagnosis, detection of complications, and prognostication of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Implementation of appropriate precautionary safety measures, chest CT protocol optimization, and a standardized reporting system based on the pulmonary findings in this disease will enhance the clinical utility of chest CT. However, chest CT examinations may lead to both false-negative and false-positive results. Furthermore, the added value of chest CT in diagnostic decision making is dependent on several dynamic variables, most notably available resources (real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR] tests, personal protective equipment, CT scanners, hospital and radiology personnel availability, and isolation room capacity) and the prevalence of both COVID-19 and other diseases with overlapping manifestations at chest CT. Chest CT is valuable to detect both alternative diagnoses and complications of COVID-19 (acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary embolism, and heart failure), while its role for prognostication requires further investigation. The authors describe imaging and managing care of patients with COVID-19, with topics including (a) chest CT protocol, (b) chest CT findings of COVID-19 and its complications, (c) the diagnostic accuracy of chest CT and its role in diagnostic decision making and prognostication, and (d) reporting and communicating chest CT findings. The authors also review other specific topics, including the pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of COVID-19, the World Health Organization case definition, the value of performing RT-PCR tests, and the radiology department and personnel impact related to performing chest CT in COVID-19. ©RSNA, 2020.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Coronavirus Infections / diagnosis*
  • Coronavirus Infections / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging*
  • Pandemics
  • Pneumonia, Viral / diagnosis*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / physiopathology
  • Radiography, Thoracic*
  • Radiologists / education
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*