Update on pediatric atopic dermatitis

Cutis. 2020 Sep;106(3):143-146. doi: 10.12788/cutis.0077.


Recent studies have led to new insights into atopic dermatitis (AD) pathogenesis and epidemiology as well as its impact on the quality of life of affected children and adolescents. In addition, there are several novel topical and systemic agents recently approved and in late-stage clinical development programs. Epidemiologic insights include relative prevalence rates in different countries and studies of subsets of pediatric patients with different disease longevity and persistence. Studies on quality of life have shown tremendous impact on sleep, not only in affected individuals but in their parents/guardians. The impact of bathing regimens is discussed. Newer topical therapies are reviewed, including topical crisaborole, with a new indication for infants as young as 3 months of age. Topical Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors are being developed, with some studies including adolescents and children. Other novel therapies include the topical aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist tapinarof and oral JAK inhibitors; adolescents are being included in the initial clinical trials for several of these therapies. Dupilumab, the first biologic agent approved for AD, has now been well studied in patients aged 6 years and older, with expanded indication down to 6 years of age.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / drug therapy
  • Dermatitis, Atopic* / epidemiology
  • Eczema*
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life