A large deletion on CFA28 omitting ACSL5 gene is associated with intestinal lipid malabsorption in the Australian Kelpie dog breed

Sci Rep. 2020 Oct 26;10(1):18223. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-75243-x.


Inborn errors of metabolism are genetic conditions that can disrupt intermediary metabolic pathways and cause defective absorption and metabolism of dietary nutrients. In an Australian Kelpie breeding population, 17 puppies presented with intestinal lipid malabsorption. Juvenile dogs exhibited stunted postnatal growth, steatorrhea, abdominal distension and a wiry coat. Using genome-wide association analysis, an associated locus on CFA28 (Praw = 2.87E-06) was discovered and validated in a closely related population (Praw = 1.75E-45). A 103.3 kb deletion NC_006610.3CFA28:g.23380074_23483377del, containing genes Acyl-CoA Synthetase Long Chain Family Member 5 (ACSL5) and Zinc Finger DHHC-Type Containing 6 (ZDHHC6), was characterised using whole transcriptomic data. Whole transcriptomic sequencing revealed no expression of ACSL5 and disrupted splicing of ZDHHC6 in jejunal tissue of affected Kelpies. The ACSL5 gene plays a key role in long chain fatty acid absorption, a phenotype similar to that of our affected Kelpies has been observed in a knockout mouse model. A PCR-based diagnostic test was developed and confirmed fully penetrant autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. We conclude the structural variant causing a deletion of the ACSL5 gene is the most likely cause for intestinal lipid malabsorption in the Australian Kelpie.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / genetics*
  • Coenzyme A Ligases / metabolism
  • Dog Diseases / genetics*
  • Dog Diseases / metabolism
  • Dog Diseases / pathology
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genome-Wide Association Study / methods*
  • Intestine, Small / metabolism
  • Intestine, Small / pathology*
  • Lipid Metabolism / genetics*
  • Malabsorption Syndromes / genetics
  • Malabsorption Syndromes / metabolism
  • Malabsorption Syndromes / pathology
  • Malabsorption Syndromes / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / genetics
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / metabolism
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / pathology
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / veterinary*
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype


  • Coenzyme A Ligases

Associated data

  • figshare/10.6084/m9.figshare.12380564