The oily sludge is a category of hazardous solid waste generated in petrochemical industries. Pyrolysis is an efficient approach for sustainable treating the oily sludge with limited environmental impacts, but the pollutant emission during the pyrolysis process is still a big challenge. Herein, the emission characteristics of nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) containing pollutants during the oily sludge pyrolysis with and without catalysis was illuminated via a TG-FTIR-MS system (ThermoGravimetric-Fourier Transform InfaRed-Mass Spectroscopy). The FeMg layer double hydroxide (FeMg LDH) was employed as a catalyst for pyrolysis. The emission characteristics of six inorganic N-/S-containing pollutants, as well as ten organic N- and nine S-containing pollutants were analyzed. The results indicate that the FeMg LDH could efficiently suppress the emission of N-/S-containing pollutants. The amide and heterocyclic-N species were identified as primary resources of N-containing pollutants emission. The aliphatic- and disulfides-S were the main contributions to the S-pollutants emission. Comprehensive analysis of pollutants emission characteristics for oily sludge pyrolysis could provide a better understanding for sustainable managements of the hazardous solid wastes.
Keywords: Emission; FeMg LDH; N-/S-containing pollutants; Oily sludge; Pyrolysis.
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